US Record Pressing Plants

By disneyfacts disneyfacts
updated 23 days ago

List of pressing plants and their identifiers. Some identifiers may apply to several labels. For example, pressing plants identified by something printed on the label can apply to any associated label (ex: both Decca and Coral have the same identifiers printed on the labels.). Stamped/etched symbols in the runout can apply to any label.

Plants are organized first by major labels, then alphabetically. If they were an independent plant, smaller label/group or a label with only one known plant, they will be listed by name after the major label's plants.

  1. Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Jacksonville

    Located in Illinois. Opened summer 1965, unknown closing date.

    - Capitol Records: 0 stamped in runout

    - Warner Bros.: JW etched in runout

  2. Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Los Angeles

    Located in California, Opened about 1947, closed about 1982.

    - Capitol Records: ☆ (1963 and earlier)/✲ (1964 and later), both stamped in runout

    - Warner Bros.: LW etched in runout

  3. Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Scranton

    Located in Pennsylvania, Opened 1946, closed 1973.

    - Capitol Records: Prior to Feb. 1963-house shaped/anvil type symbol / after Feb. 1963-Triangle with an I and AM inside

  4. Scranton Record Company

    Open 1920s to March 1946 when it became Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Scranton.

    Ƨ stamped in runout

  5. Capitol Records Pressing Plant, Winchester

    Located in Virginia. Opened 1969, unknown closing date.

    - Capitol Records: —◁ etched in runout

    - Warner Bros.: WW etched in runout

  6. Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Bridgeport

    Located in Connecticut, Opened in the 1920s, stopped pressing vinyl in March 1964.

    - Some pressings have a CLB in the runout or a dot next to the runout matrix

    - Cadence (2): BP etched in runout

    - Mercury Living Presence (on ones mastered by Fine Recording Studios): CBFR etched in runout

  7. Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Carrollton, GA

    Opened 1981, stopped vinyl production in 1991.

    - A&M Records: W on label

    - Polygram/Mercury etc: 57 on label

  8. Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Hollywood

    Located in California, Opened March 1948, closed 1963.

    - Columbia: H/HH etched in runout

  9. Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Kings Mills

    Located in Ohio, Opened early 1946, closed early 1948 before the intro of the LP. Replaced by the Columbia Hollywood plant.

  10. Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Pitman

    Located in New Jersey, Opened May 17, 1961, stopped vinyl production by 1988.

    - A&M Records: X on label

    - Polygram labels (Casablanca, Mercury, Polydor, etc): 56 on label

    - Atlantic/Asylum/Nonesuch/Elektra: CP at end of label matrix (unless record is a club edition - if so, check runouts for correct plant).

    - London Records: P at end of label matrix

    - Columbia: P etched in runout

  11. Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria

    Located in California, Opened late 1963, closed 1981. Replaced the old Hollywood plant.

    - Columbia: CSM/backwards S etched in runout

    - Polygram labels (Casablanca, Mercury, Polydor, etc): 25 on label

    - Atlantic/Elektra/Asylum/Nonesuch: CS/CSM at end of label matrix (unless record is a club edition - if so, check runouts for correct plant).

    - London Records: SM at end of label matrix

    - A&M: Z on label

  12. Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Terre Haute

    Located in Indiana, Opened December 1953, closed 1982.

    - A&M Records: Y/y on label

    - Polygram labels (Casablanca, Mercury, Polydor, etc): 73 on label

    - Atlantic/Elektra/Asylum/Nonesuch: CT/CTH at end of label matrix (unless record is a club edition - if so, check runouts for correct plant).

    - London Records: TH at end of label matrix

    - T etched in runout

  13. Decca Records Pressing Plant, Gloversville

    Open from 1953 to 1966 when it changed to the MCA Pressing Plant, Gloversville.

    - ◉ or ✤ at the end of the B side label matrix.

    - Stick 1 etched/stamped in runout

  14. Decca Records Pressing Plant, Bridgeport

    Decca plant located in Bridgeport, CT. Possibly indicated by a ④ at the end of the runout with label fonts by Co-Service Printing

  15. Decca Records Pressing Plant, Los Angeles

    Open from 1946-1954.

    Indicated by a 5 or ⑤ in the runout.

  16. Decca Records Pressing Plant, Pinckneyville

    Opened 1958, changed name to MCA Pressing Plant, Pinckneyville in 1966.

    - Decca: ◆ at the end of the B side matrix

    - 2 stamped in runout

  17. Decca Records Pressing Plant, Richmond, IN

    Open 1939 to 1957. Changed name to Mercury Record Manufacturing Corporation in 1958.

    - Decca: ◈ at the end of the B side matrix. Small 3 stamped by itself into runouts.

  18. MCA Pressing Plant, Gloversville

    Located in New York, Opened 1953 under Decca, closed April 5, 2005.

    - MCA/Decca: ⧈-G-⧈ etched/pressed in runout (after January 1973)

    - Decca: stick 1 etched/stamped in runout, ◉/✤ at the end of the B side label matrix

  19. MCA Pressing Plant, Pinckneyville

    Located in Illinois. Opened 1958 under Decca, closed spring 2007.

    - MCA/Decca: ◈-P-◈ etched/pressed in runout (after January 1973)

    - Decca: 2 stamped/etched in runout, ◆ at end of B side label matrix.

  20. RCA Records Pressing Plant, Camden

    Located in New Jersey, Opened 1905 under Victor, closed January 29, 1949 under RCA Victor. Seems to only have pressed 78s and maybe some 45s.

    For 78s:

    - Victor/RCA Victor: The two circles on the outer edge of the label do not touch the RCA logo at the bottom, they are connected at the top.

  21. RCA Records Pressing Plant, Canonsburg

    Located in Pennsylvania. Opened in 1947, closed in 1953. Originally pressed 78s, inactive 1948-November 1949 when it was reopened to exclusively press 45s.

    For 78s:

    - Victor/RCA Victor: The two circles on the outer edge of the label do not touch the RCA logo at the bottom, they are not connected at the top.

    For 45s:

    - RCA Victor: small C in runout
    - "=" sign ('double hyphen') in between "Off." and "Marcas" (Off.=Marcas, up to 1955 when the label changed)

    Also see the dating guide here to help date the record. (Note: this is only valid on original pressings.)

  22. RCA Records Pressing Plant, Hollywood

    Located in California, Opened June 1947, closed 1976.

    - RCA Victor: H pressed/etched in runout

    For 78s:

    - Victor/RCA Victor: The two circles on the outer edge of the label almost touch the RCA logo at the bottom, they are not connected at the top.

    - Older records have an H in the scrollwork of the label

    For 45s:

    - "=" sign ('double hyphen') in between "Voice" and "Red" (Voice=Red, up to 1955 when the label changed)

    Also see the dating guide here to help date the record. (Note: this is only valid on original pressings.)

  23. RCA Records Pressing Plant, Indianapolis

    Located in Indiana. Opened August 5, 1939, stopped vinyl production in 1987.

    - A&M Records: R on label (this may actually refer to the Rockaway plant)

    - RCA Victor: I pressed/etched in the runout

    - Polygram labels (Casablanca, Mercury, Polydor, etc): 70 on label

    For 78s:

    - Victor/RCA Victor: The two circles on the outer edge of the label almost touch the RCA logo at the bottom, they are connected at the top.

    For 45s:

    - "=" sign ('double hyphen') in between "Monogram" and "Dog" (Monogram=Dog - up to 1955 when the label changed)

    Also see the dating guide here to help date the record. (Note: this is only valid on original pressings.)

  24. RCA Records Pressing Plant, New York

    Opened 1949, closed around 1954/55.

    N stamped in runouts, double hyphen between Phonogranh and His on 45rpm labels (Phonograph=His)

  25. RCA Records Pressing Plant, Rockaway

    Located in New Jersey, Opened mid 1954, closed early 1973.

    - RCA Victor: R pressed/etched in runout

    Also see the dating guide here to help date the record. (Note: this is only valid on original pressings.)