Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Don Mills, ON

Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Don Mills, ON

Profile:
Canadian full-service record and tape manufacturing plant established in July 1971.

VINYL IDENTIFICATION
Don Mills 12" records had an average weight of 110g with a 2.703125" pressing ring. Labels on 12" and 7" records used mainly Univers family fonts on 80 lb. Smooth or 80 lb. Offset uncoated paper. Originally the vinyl compound was imported from Kaiser Permanente in the U.S. but Goodrich vinyl compound was also used after they opened a Canadian plant in the mid-1970s.

Since the plant was involved in all steps of the manufacturing process, there are various indentifiers used at various stages of the process. The lacquer cutting facility and plating facility were popular and used by multiple plants and companies so Don Mills identifiers may appear along with those from other lacquering houses, plating processors and pressing plants.

Lacquer Cutting: Usually included combinations of the numerals 2 and 5 with the letters C, D, F, G, H, K, O, Z often followed with a colon (sometimes the letters had commas inserted between them) and were hand-etched. Some of the most common combinations were C2-G, 2-D, 2-G, 2HZ:, 2HDZ:, 2HKD:, 2HDZKO, 5HZ:, 5HZDK but dozens of combinations have been identified. They were usually preceded by 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 5A, 5B often followed by a dash, such as 1A-2HZ:, 2B-5HDK:, etc. If these are present, please use Lacquer Cut At as a role for this plant in the LCCN section.

Electroplating: Originally the facility used the normal o or º or ° associated with Customatrix facilities. If these appear please observe the instructions in the Customatrix profile for entering in LCCN. After a few years the plant switched to a hand-etched DM or DM- to indicate plating. This is often found a quarter-turn counter-clockwise from the lacquer etching. If this is present, please use Mastered At as a role for this plant in the LCCN section.

Pressing: When the etched DM or DM- is followed by a stamped number, this identifies the record as being pressed at Don Mills, and the stamper number used for the pressing. If the stamper number is present, please use Pressed By as a role for this plant in the LCCN section.

Pressings can also be determined by the lacquer cutting etches, but only in conjunction with the 2.70" pressing ring and if there are no other pressing plant identifiers present (or the release is on CBS-owned entity such as Columbia, Epic, Columbia Special Products, CBS Special Products, Columbia House, etc.). The Don Mills plant did not press any vinyl after August 1988.

WEA: Pressings for WEA Music Of Canada, Ltd. can be identified by the C or CO code printed on labels (usually near the catalogue number). If the code is present, please use Pressed By as a role for this plant in the LCCN section. On rare occasions WEA would need to swap labels between its manufacturers - if a release with the code does not have any Don Mills identifiers in the runouts nor a 2.70" ring please use the plant identifiers in the runouts to determine the actual manufacturer. If unsure, please check the forums for assistance.

CASSETTE IDENTIFICATION
Cassettes released on CBS-owned entities such as Columbia, Epic, Columbia Special Products, CBS Special Products, Columbia House, etc. from 1971 to 1990 with the text "Manufactured by Columbia Records of Canada, Ltd." or "Manufactured by CBS Records Canada Ltd." can use the Duplicated By role for this plant in the LCCN section.

The plant also manufactured cassettes for other labels as well, such as WEA Music Of Canada, Ltd., who used the CB duplicator code on cassette shells for Don Mills. If this code is present, please use the Duplicated By role for this plant in the LCCN section.

In 1984, CBS switched to using exclusively CrO₂ tape for cassette duplication. Accordingly, cassettes with a red "Chromium Dioxide" banner at the bottom cannot be earlier than 1984.

Don Mills continued to duplicate cassettes after vinyl production ceased in August 1988.

HISTORY
Established by CBS Inc. through Columbia Records of Canada, Ltd. in July 1971, the plant included a lacquering facility, a Customatrix plating facility, 26 vinyl presses, a tape duplicating operation and a Shorewood packaging operation (Columbia/CBS was an equal partner in Shorewood Packaging Corp. Of Canada Ltd. until 1986). After corporate restructuring it operated under the aegis of CBS Records Canada Ltd. from June 8, 1976 until December 14, 1990 when it operated under the aegis of Sony Music Entertainment (Canada) Inc.

The plant design was based on Columbia Records Pressing Plant, Santa Maria and staff from Santa Maria helped set up the equipment. The automated presses were the result of intensive research and development by Columbia and a closely guarded secret. At the time of installation they were considered the most advanced and efficient presses in the world. In 1972 Deutsche Grammophon inspected the plant at the request of Polydor Records Canada Limited and were impressed enough to permit Don Mills to press the first DG release in Canada since DG ended its relationship with Compo in 1959.

Don Mills was the highest-capacity plant in Canada when launched, able to produce around 100,000 units per day. In the mid-1970s the plant expanded and added 14 more vinyl presses. In July 1979 a 65,000 square foot distribution centre was added to the existing structure. In July 1980 the plant added an additional 40 presses (bringing the total number of presses to 80) and underwent a 1,000 square foot expansion to the tape duplication facility. In August 1988 the plant stopped pressing vinyl entirely and contracted all vinyl pressing to Cinram but continued to manufacture cassettes into the 1990s. The custom-made pressing machinery used by Don Mills was a closely-guarded corporate secret and rumours are after the vinyl operations ceased CBS destroyed all the presses.

In 1993 Sony Music Entertainment (Canada) Inc. added recording studios and a CD pressing facility (credits as Sony Music Canada / SMC). The building was demolished in 2016.
Contact Info:
1121 Leslie St.
Don Mills
Ontario, M3C 2J9
Canada
(contact info now obsolete)
[l700568]

Label


Cat#  Artist Title (Format) Label Cat#  Country Year
2ASD 3001 Mingus At Antibes  album cover Charles Mingus Mingus At Antibes(2xLP, Album, Gat) Atlantic 2ASD 3001 Canada 1976 Sell This Version
2BEG 7980 Living Ornaments '79 And '80  album cover Gary Numan Living Ornaments '79 And '80(2xLP, Album) Beggars Banquet 2BEG 7980 Canada 1981 Sell This Version
2BS 2760 It's Too Late To Stop Now  album cover Van Morrison It's Too Late To Stop Now(2xLP, Album, Tri) Warner Bros. Records 2BS 2760 Canada 1974 Sell This Version
2COC-2900 Exile On Main St.  album cover Rolling Stones* Exile On Main St. (Album) 2COC-2900 Canada 1972 Sell This Version
2FDP 90002 Urban Cowboy (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)  album cover Various Urban Cowboy (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (Album, Comp) 2FDP 90002 Canada 1980 Sell This Version
2ISL 11 Babylon By Bus  album cover Bob Marley & The Wailers Babylon By Bus(2xLP, Album, RE) Island Records 2ISL 11 Canada 1981 Sell This Version
2LAT 1107 Best Seat In The House  album cover Goddo Best Seat In The House(2xLP, Gat) Attic 2LAT 1107 Canada 1981 Sell This Version
2MS 2024 Uncle Meat  album cover The Mothers Of Invention* Uncle Meat(2xLP, Album, RE, Gat) Bizarre Records, Reprise Records 2MS 2024 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
2MS 2027 Trout Mask Replica  album cover Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band* Captain Beefheart & His Magic Band* - Trout Mask Replica (Album) 2MS 2027 Canada 1977 Sell This Version
2RS 2214 Pete Seeger & Arlo Guthrie Together In Concert  album cover Pete Seeger & Arlo Guthrie Pete Seeger & Arlo Guthrie - Pete Seeger & Arlo Guthrie Together In Concert(2xLP, Album) Reprise Records 2RS 2214 Canada 1975 Sell This Version
2RSX-2245 The Essential Jimi Hendrix  album cover Jimi Hendrix The Essential Jimi Hendrix(2xLP, Comp, Gat) Reprise Records, Reprise Records 2RSX-2245 Canada 1978 Sell This Version
2SA-312 Live At Montreux  album cover Les McCann Live At Montreux(2xLP, Album, Gat) Atlantic, Atlantic 2SA-312 Canada 1973 Sell This Version
2SA-806 Buffalo Springfield  album cover Buffalo Springfield Buffalo Springfield(2xLP, Comp, RE) ATCO Records 2SA-806 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
2SD 9002 Seconds Out  album cover Genesis Seconds Out(2xLP, Album) Atlantic 2SD 9002 Canada 1977 Sell This Version
2 SDS-401 The Lamb Lies Down On Broadway  album cover Genesis The Lamb Lies Down On Broadway (Album) 2 SDS-401 Canada 1974 Sell This Version
2SDS 900 The Young Person's Guide To King Crimson  album cover King Crimson The Young Person's Guide To King Crimson(2xLP, Comp, Don) Atlantic 2SDS 900 Canada 1976 Sell This Version
2SDX 7000 Works (Volume 1)  album cover Emerson Lake & Palmer* Works (Volume 1) (Album) 2SDX 7000 Canada 1977 Sell This Version
2SS 200 Physical Graffiti  album cover Led Zeppelin Physical Graffiti (Album) 2SS 200 Canada 1975 Sell This Version
2SWS 2923 We Sold Our Soul For Rock 'N' Roll  album cover Black Sabbath We Sold Our Soul For Rock 'N' Roll (Comp) 2SWS 2923 Canada 1976 Sell This Version
2U-4739 All This And World War II  album cover Various All This And World War II(2xLP, Album) Warner Bros. Records 2U-4739 Canada 1976 Sell This Version
2WX 3288 Second Edition  album cover Public Image Ltd.* Second Edition(2xLP, Album, Gat) Island Records 2WX 3288 Canada 1979 Sell This Version
2XBB-702 Live Killers  album cover Queen Live Killers (Album) 2XBB-702 Canada 1979 Sell This Version
2XS 6480 Journey Through The Past  album cover Neil Young Journey Through The Past(2xLP, Gat) Reprise Records 2XS 6480 Canada 1972 Sell This Version
3BX 3131 25 Years Of Recorded Comedy  album cover Various 25 Years Of Recorded Comedy(3xLP, Comp) Warner Bros. Records 3BX 3131 Canada 1977 Sell This Version
3ESD-600 Passions Of A Man: An Anthology Of His Atlantic Recordings  album cover Charles Mingus Passions Of A Man: An Anthology Of His Atlantic Recordings(3xLP, Comp) Atlantic 3ESD-600 Canada 1979 Sell This Version
3FS 2300 Trilogy: Past, Present & Future  album cover Frank Sinatra Trilogy: Past, Present & Future(3xLP, Album) Reprise Records 3FS 2300 Canada 1980 Sell This Version
3RS 2257 Decade  album cover Neil Young Decade(3xLP, Comp) Reprise Records 3RS 2257 Canada 1977 Sell This Version
3WS 3146 The Last Waltz  album cover The Band The Last Waltz(3xLP, Album, RE) Warner Bros. Records 3WS 3146 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
3WX 2668 Europe '72  album cover The Grateful Dead Europe '72(3xLP, Album, Tri) Warner Bros. Records 3WX 2668 Canada 1972 Sell This Version
4Z8 3698 If You Know Like I Know / Turn Off The Lights  album cover Teddy Pendergrass If You Know Like I Know / Turn Off The Lights(12", Single) Philadelphia International Records 4Z8 3698 Canada 1979 Sell This Version
5E-502 An American Prayer  album cover Jim Morrison Music By The Doors Jim Morrison Music By The Doors - An American Prayer(LP, Album) Elektra 5E-502 Canada 1978 Sell This Version
5E-503 The Soundtrack Music From Clint Eastwood's Every Which Way But Loose  album cover Various The Soundtrack Music From Clint Eastwood's Every Which Way But Loose(LP, Comp, Gat) Elektra 5E-503 Canada 1978 Sell This Version
5E 37452 New Toy  album cover Lene Lovich New Toy(12", MiniAlbum) Stiff-Epic 5E 37452 Canada 1981 Sell This Version
6E105 Their Greatest Hits 1971-1975  album cover Eagles Their Greatest Hits 1971-1975(LP, Album, Comp) Asylum Records 6E105 Canada 1976 Sell This Version
6E-106 Greatest Hits  album cover Linda Ronstadt Greatest Hits(LP, Comp, RE, Gat) Asylum Records, Asylum Records 6E-106 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
6E 108 The Best Of Bread  album cover Bread The Best Of Bread(LP, Comp, RE) Elektra 6E 108 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
6E-113 Running On Empty  album cover Jackson Browne Running On Empty(LP, Album, Don) Asylum Records 6E-113 Canada 1977 Sell This Version
6E-118 Excitable Boy  album cover Warren Zevon Excitable Boy(LP, Album) Asylum Records 6E-118 Canada 1978 Sell This Version
6E-142 Living Room Suite  album cover Harry Chapin Living Room Suite(LP, Album) Elektra 6E-142 Canada 1978 Sell This Version
6E-154 Out Of The Woods  album cover Oregon Out Of The Woods(LP, Album, Gat) Elektra 6E-154 Canada 1978 Sell This Version
6E-162 Blue Valentine  album cover Tom Waits Blue Valentine (Album) 6E-162 Canada 1978 Sell This Version
6E-186 No. 1 In Heaven  album cover Sparks No. 1 In Heaven(LP, Album) Elektra 6E-186 Canada 1979 Sell This Version
7BEN 04839 We Are The World  album cover USA For Africa We Are The World(7", Single) Columbia 7BEN 04839 Canada 1985 Sell This Version
7BEN-7073 Tears Are Not Enough  album cover Northern Lights (6) Tears Are Not Enough(7") Columbia 7BEN-7073 Canada 1985 Sell This Version
7E-2009 Greatest Stories - Live  album cover Harry Chapin Greatest Stories - Live(2xLP, Album) Elektra 7E-2009 Canada 1976 Sell This Version
7ES 1001 Court And Spark  album cover Joni Mitchell Court And Spark (Album) 7ES 1001 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
7ES-1004 On The Border  album cover Eagles On The Border(LP, Album) Asylum Records 7ES-1004 Canada 1974 Sell This Version
7ES 1006 The Souther-Hillman-Furay Band  album cover The Souther-Hillman-Furay Band The Souther-Hillman-Furay Band(LP, Album, Gat) Asylum Records 7ES 1006 Canada 1974 Sell This Version
7ES-1026 Sheer Heart Attack  album cover Queen Sheer Heart Attack(LP, Album, RE, Red) Elektra 7ES-1026 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
7ES-1045 Prisoner In Disguise  album cover Linda Ronstadt Prisoner In Disguise (Album) 7ES-1045 Canada 1975 Sell This Version
7ES-1051 The Hissing Of Summer Lawns  album cover Joni Mitchell The Hissing Of Summer Lawns(LP, Album, Gat) Asylum Records 7ES-1051 Canada 1975 Sell This Version
7ES-1052 Their Greatest Hits 1971-1975  album cover Eagles Their Greatest Hits 1971-1975(LP, Album, Comp) Asylum Records 7ES-1052 Canada 1976 Sell This Version
7ES-1053 A Night At The Opera  album cover Queen A Night At The Opera(LP, Album, Emb) Elektra 7ES-1053 Canada 1975 Sell This Version
8E-6001 Weird Scenes Inside The Gold Mine  album cover The Doors Weird Scenes Inside The Gold Mine (Album, Comp) 8E-6001 Canada Unknown Sell This Version
12BEN-7074 Tears Are Not Enough  album cover Northern Lights (6) Tears Are Not Enough(12", Single) Columbia, Columbia 12BEN-7074 Canada 1985 Sell This Version
12C4-8470 Let's Groove / Fantasy (Disco Version)  album cover Earth, Wind & Fire Let's Groove / Fantasy (Disco Version)(12", Single) Columbia 12C4-8470 Canada 1981 Sell This Version
12CDN-201 (You're A) Strange Animal  album cover Gowan (You're A) Strange Animal(12", Promo, Smplr) Columbia 12CDN-201 Canada 1985 Sell This Version
12 CDN 519 Bye Bye Mon Cowboy  album cover Mitsou Bye Bye Mon Cowboy(12", Promo) ISBA 12 CDN 519 Canada 1988 Sell This Version
12CXP 03977 It's A Mistake  album cover Men At Work It's A Mistake(12", Single, RM) Columbia 12CXP 03977 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12CXP 04115 Everyday I Write The Book  album cover Elvis Costello And The Attractions* Everyday I Write The Book(12", Single) Columbia 12CXP 04115 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12CXP 04169 Say Say Say  album cover Paul McCartney And Michael Jackson Paul McCartney And Michael Jackson - Say Say Say (Single) 12CXP 04169 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12CXP 04265 New York New York  album cover Nina Hagen New York New York(12", Single) Columbia, Columbia 12CXP 04265 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12CXP 04984 The Ghost In You  album cover The Psychedelic Furs The Ghost In You(12", Single) Columbia 12CXP 04984 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12CXP 05087 Cover Me  album cover Bruce Springsteen Cover Me(12") Columbia 12CXP 05087 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12CXP-05157 Do They Know It's Christmas?  album cover Band Aid Do They Know It's Christmas?(12", Single) Columbia, Columbia 12CXP-05157 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12CXP-05365 Harlem Shuffle  album cover The Rolling Stones Harlem Shuffle(12") Rolling Stones Records, Rolling Stones Records 12CXP-05365 Canada 1986 Sell This Version
12CXP-05969 Heartbreak Beat  album cover Psychedelic Furs* Heartbreak Beat(12") Columbia 12CXP-05969 Canada 1987 Sell This Version
12CXP 06862 Shock  album cover Psychedelic Furs* Shock(12") Columbia 12CXP 06862 Canada 1987 Sell This Version
12CXP-7029 Take It From Me / Standing In The Dark  album cover Platinum Blonde Take It From Me / Standing In The Dark(12", Single) Columbia, Columbia 12CXP-7029 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12CXP-7115 Crying Over You  album cover Platinum Blonde Crying Over You(12", Single) Columbia, Columbia 12CXP-7115 Canada 1985 Sell This Version
12CXP 07862 All That Money Wants  album cover The Psychedelic Furs All That Money Wants(12", Single) Columbia 12CXP 07862 Canada 1988 Sell This Version
12CXP-8546 Easy Livin'  album cover Fastway (2) Easy Livin'(12", Single, Promo) Columbia 12CXP-8546 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12CXT-06814 I Want Your Sex  album cover George Michael I Want Your Sex(Cass, Maxi, Dol) Columbia, Columbia 12CXT-06814 Canada 1987 Sell This Version
12E4-8281 La Bamba  album cover Antonia Rodriguez La Bamba (Single) 12E4-8281 Canada 1978 Sell This Version
12EXP-304 Black Market Clash  album cover The Clash Black Market Clash(LP, Comp) Epic, Epic 12EXP-304 Canada 1980 Sell This Version
12EXP-04202 What I Want  album cover Dead Or Alive What I Want(12", Single) Epic, Epic 12EXP-04202 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12EXP 04992 Heart Don't Lie  album cover La Toya Jackson Heart Don't Lie(12", Single) CBS Associated Records 12EXP 04992 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12EXP-05118 Midnight Man  album cover Flash And The Pan* Midnight Man(12", Single) Epic 12EXP-05118 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12EXP 05144 Skin Deep  album cover The Stranglers Skin Deep(12", Single) Epic 12EXP 05144 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12EXP 05208 You Spin Me Round (Like A Record) (Extended Murder Mix)  album cover Dead Or Alive You Spin Me Round (Like A Record) (Extended Murder Mix)(12", Single) Epic, Epic 12EXP 05208 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12EXP-05257 When Love Breaks Down  album cover Prefab Sprout When Love Breaks Down(12", Single, Promo) Epic 12EXP-05257 Canada 1985 Sell This Version
12EXP-05965 Brand New Lover  album cover Dead Or Alive Brand New Lover(12") Epic 12EXP-05965 Canada 1986 Sell This Version
12EXP 05974 Change Of Heart  album cover Cyndi Lauper Change Of Heart(12", Single) Portrait 12EXP 05974 Canada 1986 Sell This Version
12EXP-7097 No Mercy / Let Me Down Easy  album cover The Stranglers No Mercy / Let Me Down Easy(12", Single) Epic 12EXP-7097 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
12EXP-7121 My Heart Goes Bang (Get Me To The Doctor) (American 'WIPE OUT' Mix)  album cover Dead Or Alive My Heart Goes Bang (Get Me To The Doctor) (American 'WIPE OUT' Mix)(12", Single) Epic 12EXP-7121 Canada 1985 Sell This Version
12EXP-7197 Infected  album cover The The Infected(12", Maxi) Epic 12EXP-7197 Canada 1986 Sell This Version
12EXP-7199 Always The Sun (Hot Mix)  album cover The Stranglers Always The Sun (Hot Mix)(12", Single) Epic 12EXP-7199 Canada 1986 Sell This Version
12EXP 07823 Paradise  album cover Sade Paradise(12") Epic 12EXP 07823 Canada 1988 Sell This Version
12EXP-8538 Perfect / Uncertain Smile  album cover The The Perfect / Uncertain Smile(12", Single) Epic 12EXP-8538 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12EXP-8552 Perfect / Uncertain Smile  album cover The The Perfect / Uncertain Smile(12", Single) Epic 12EXP-8552 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12 EXP 37640 Live E.P.  album cover Ozzy Osbourne Live E.P.(12", EP) Jet Records 12 EXP 37640 Canada 1982 Sell This Version
12IL-1301 Vivre Sur Vidéo / Living On Video  album cover Trans-X Vivre Sur Vidéo / Living On Video(12") Illusion 12IL-1301 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12MA-024 So Excited  album cover Nancy Martinez So Excited(12") Matra 12MA-024 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12MA-029 Guilty/Angel Eyes Medley / Angel Eyes  album cover Lime (2) Guilty/Angel Eyes Medley / Angel Eyes(12") Matra 12MA-029 Canada 1983 Sell This Version
12MA-041 Love Comes Easy  album cover Vera (2) Love Comes Easy(12") Matra 12MA-041 Canada 1984 Sell This Version
45-LRS0101 Just Once In Paradise / Pocket Money  album cover Dymond Just Once In Paradise / Pocket Money(7", Single, Sol) Lake Shore Records 45-LRS0101 US 1988 Sell This Version
1003 Vivre Ici Maintenant  album cover Pascal Languirand Vivre Ici Maintenant(LP, Album) Minos (3) 1003 Canada 1981 Sell This Version
1868 Mind Games  album cover John Lennon Mind Games(7", Single, Don) Apple Records 1868 Canada 1973 Sell This Version
3009 African Portraits  album cover Dollar Brand African Portraits(LP, Album, Don) Sackville Recordings 3009 Canada 1973 Sell This Version
3020 Of Blues And Dreams  album cover Anthony Davis (2) Of Blues And Dreams(LP, Album) Sackville Recordings 3020 Canada 1979 Sell This Version